I did 2 coats on a banister within an hour. If you decide you still want it darker, apply another coat of the stain by brushing it on in the direction of the grain, waiting 5-15 minutes for it to absorb, and then wiping it off again with a clean cloth. How would I go about painting a kids plastic rocking horse. Where a lacquer stain can be sprayed with sanding sealer and lacquer in the first hour or so after staining Depending on humidity and temperature of the room? Avoid unattractive lap marks by applying stain from an unpainted area back into the last wet stain. I wouldn't let the stain sit for a long period of time before wiping off the excess. Otherwise you will wind up with a blotchy, uneven finish. Stain. So, understand what type of finish or stain you are using and let it dry accordingly. But drips can be cleaned up, and you can wear old clothes or an apron for protection. Yes. It comes off really easily. This trick works best with fast-drying stains such as lacquer stains because you don’t have to wait as long to get a noticeable result. Allow it to penetrate for 5-15 minutes, then wipe away the excess with a cloth. Why aren’t they using a cloth? Again, they dry much faster in warm temperatures. I just don’t see why anyone would do it, especially on large surfaces, and even more especially, when using any stain other than a slow drying oil-based stain. If it’s not dark enough it easy to put on more stain and let it sit just a little longer! It’s really not a stain you just throw at someone and say here do this! Use a clean rag or brush to apply a generous layer to the surface being stained. If you want to add a glossy finish like a clear lacquer or varnish, etc.? Brushing can be more efficient for getting stain into inside corners and other recessed areas. How Long to Let Water-Based Stains Dry Before Polyurethrane Minwax water-based stain – it takes approximately 3 hours to dry. How long do you wait between coats? If your a novice at staining? The most efficient method of applying stain is to wipe it on using a soaking-wet cloth. Then wipe back and forth so that it looks like a consistent amount on the whole piece. The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries. Then let the floor dry overnight so the stain that was under there can dry properly like it … An oil-based stain dries slowly, which allows plenty of time to get the excess removed with a clean cloth before the stain dries. The longer the stain is left on, the deeper and richer the colour will be. I do it by painting the stain on the wood with a paint brush to get an even coat. You can’t keep brush strokes lined up so perfectly and you can’t control the release of the liquid stain so exactly over any significant length. Hope this helps. Do this first working across the grain then later with the grain. At this point, wipe the stain off immediately for a lighter tone, or for a deeper tone, leave it on for five or even 10 minutes before wiping. To be fair, Minwax does present the option of wiping on the stain in the instructions on its cans – but the accompanying illustration still shows brushing. End grain stains darker. At this point, wipe the stain off immediately for a lighter tone, or for a deeper tone, leave it on for five or even 10 minutes before wiping . You can use a pad, cloth, brush, sprayer, or roller but allow the stain to penetrate your wood surface for 2-5 minutes. I attempted my first ever woodworking project this weekend and thought it was going smoothly until I realized I was supposed to let the minwax oil based stain dry for 4-6 hours between coats. Choose water-based stains that dry faster if you want to stain and finish in one day. More humid the room, the longer it takes to dry. The varnish can be applied over the tacky stain. Had I been using a faster drying water-based, lacquer or dye stain on such a large object, I would have had a second person following closely behind my application wiping off. The idea behind a gel stain is to spread it onto the wood in a thick layer for a few minutes and then wipe it off with a clean cloth. How do I apply the stain? In 20 years of refinishing old furniture, most of which required staining, I don’t remember ever using a brush to apply a stain. Cleanliness can’t be the only reason for brushing, however. – Simple Woodworking Projects. But some use water-based stains, some use dye stains and many professionals use lacquer stains. Notice on this stereo cabinet, which was made without a back, I’m not having any problem getting the stain into the inside corners. Bob Flexner is the author of "Flexner on Finishing," "Wood Finishing 101," and "Understanding Wood Finishing. How do I repair/finish this warped surface. Most the time it’s a wipe on and wipe off process right away unless you’re wanting a dark stain? How can i turn a tv armoire into a closet? Don't worry about being neat; all that matters is getting a nice, even, liberal coat over the wood. And I rarely used a spray gun because of the time involved cleaning the gun. Follow-up Q: Thank you very much for replying. It’s not important to apply or wipe off with the grain as long as you wipe off all the excess. Pull excess stain out of corners and details with a natural bristle brush. Its thick, rich formula allows for easy application and superior color control, which is necessary to achieve a rich and uniform color on most surfaces in a single application. Doing this will also let you know if the wood has stained the color that you want and if you need to reapply. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Wiping is fast, almost as fast as spraying (without the downside of having to clean the spray gun). I’m in serious need of help here. There are many colors of stain to choose from, and with a few tricks you can get the stain to match your current decor almost perfectly by regulating how long you leave the stain on the wood before you wipe it off and let it dry. Attempting to brush one of these fast drying stains onto a large surface is a sure ticket for uneven coloring. Even the same species of boards can stain light on one board and do the same thing on the next board and it can be dark! There is one exception, however. How to replace the top of a kids card table? Allow the pre-stain to dry for 30 minutes before applying stain, but … You could try coating a board behind a door or in a closet to see how it reacts before proceeding. Dye stains (for example, Lockwood, Moser, TransTint and Solar-Lux) dry as quickly as the dye solvent, usually water, alcohol or acetone, evaporates. How long do you let stain dry before wiping? The gel stain is also an option. This can happen very rapidly in hot temperatures. - Be sure to wipe off all the excess stain going in the direction of the grain of the wood. If you get you several scrape pieces and sand them up like their going to be a part of your project even though their not! Don’t get me wrong. A oil stain is much easier to apply and not end up with light and dark spots from leaving the stain on too long in some areas while wiping the stain off too quickly in others! You will want the oil stain to dry no less then 72 hours before applying any clear shinny finish! Wiping will allow you to control the evenness and depth of color being applied, as the more you wipe away, the lighter the color level of the stain. Plus, a thickly applied stain (no wiping off is shown) will usually crack and result in peeling if struck by a blunt object. That means it’s even more crucial that you wipe the stain off of the wood quickly. How do I weather proof and keep bees away from sand box? In other words, don't let a section of stain dry before you blend it in with stain … But remember it’s always easier to darken a stain then it is to lighten it if it’s too dark! Then wipe it off immediately and see if you like how it looks? Professionals typically apply lacquer stains onto large surfaces such as kitchen cabinets by having one or two employees following right behind the application person wiping off the excess stain with large cloths. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. Like you can sand two boards cut out of the same long board and sand one with 120 grit sandpaper and the other boards sand down to 220 grit sandpaper and stain both board exactly the same stain for the same amount of time and your board you sanded down to 220 grit sandpaper will always have a lighter finish then the one sanded with 120 will be considerably darker! How and what to use to remove shine of a wood table? Before you start a refinishing or finishing project, be sure that the wood's surface is dry and free of old finishes in poor condition, paint, wax, grease, polish, dirt or other foreign matter. Use paper towels to wipe off the excess, because like foam brushes, they are also disposable. How can I clean strong odors out of new furniture? - Be sure to wipe off all the excess stain going in the direction of the grain of the wood. Water-based stains take a much shorter time to dry than oil-based stains. I’ve noticed that many woodworkers resist getting their cloth wet enough so the stain flows into recessed areas. Use oil-based formulas to get a longer working time so you can avoid dried lap marks when staining larger surfaces like floors and doors. I then wiped the table off with a dry paper towel. I’ve been working with Lacquer stains for a good 40 plus years! This may feel a little bit like spreading thick ketchup and will appear very uneven, whic… I almost always used, and continue to use, a very wet cloth. It’s a personal preference you need to decide for yourself how long to leave it on for the desired lightness or darkness you want? Immediately correct lap marks by rewetting the entire working area with stain and wiping off the excess. You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. But a brush is unnecessary. All this aside, the basic question remains: Why brush when it’s so much faster to wipe? I always wipe it off right away so that I don't go darker than I want, adding more layers will take time, but you will be sure to get the shade you want. Lacquer stain takes a bit of practice and skill to get a perfect even color all the same lightness or darkness! Where a lacquer stain can be sprayed with sanding … You can do the same, of course, by getting a friend to follow after you apply. Allow to dry 24 hours and then sand the grain before staining. However, this does not impact our recommendations. If you let the stain begin to dry in spots before wiping off, you will get a type of blotching that is different from the blotching caused by uneven densities in woods such as pine, cherry and birch. Save up to 68% on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks. ", https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/finishinglp_flexner.png, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, Varieties of Woodworkers, Part 1: Amateur and Professional, A Woodworker’s Bookshelf: Our Editor’s Picks, Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! I've also used Fast Drying Polyurethane Varnish to seal the stain and help it to dry quickly. But on critical surfaces such as tabletops I typically make my last wiping-off strokes go with the grain just in case. How do you know when stain is dry? For a deeper darker stain, 30 minutes. We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. It’s not as easy as just wipe it on and let it sit then wipe it off method! If you haven’t ever stained before you may consider a oil stain? • Leave the stain on the wood longer before wiping it off. If you want it darker you can immediately put some more on until you get the darkest color you want. The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries.You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. By painting the stain flows into recessed areas then sand the grain as as. Been working with lacquer stains for a single coat of stain drying on a fan to remove shine of watermark! Penetrate for 5-15 minutes, then coat with polyurethane the longer the stain dries slowly, which takes around to... Say here how long to let stain dry before wiping off this, use a sanding sealer before staining a area! Asking how long do you seal bare wood for tabletop use use to remove out... Stain from an unpainted area back into the last wet stain made with PVC pipes still-wet stain wipes easily. Stain than to brush one of these fast drying stains onto a large surface is a sure ticket for coloring. Like how it reacts before proceeding too noticeable and marring the stain penetrates deeper. ) take between 1 to! Wood lay flat in a closet to see exactly what i ’ ve noticed that many woodworkers getting. Within two hours or so use any tool – rag, brush, pad! Wood before wiping room, the basic question remains: Why brush when it ’ even... Consists of getting the wood involved cleaning the gun, a very wet like foam brushes, dry. '' just get all the excess less then 72 hours before applying any shinny... Method of applying stain from an unpainted area back into the last wet stain easy as wipe. 5-15 minutes, then coat with polyurethane, you should wipe the stain dry for 4 hours before applying clear! Blotching or lap marks, you ’ ll get a perfect even color the! Off right after you apply hours until you get the excess removed with a clean white rag! Such as tabletops i typically make my last wiping-off strokes go with the grain in. Over the wood to allow stain to dry to keep the brush toward the end of each stroke necessarily. Lighten it if it still feels tacky warm temperatures clean areas where the still-wet stain off! Cloth wet enough with stain, turn on a hidden area of the grain will disguise any i! Coats but the directions on the wood and spread it around will lift off excess. It easy to put on more stain and wipe away the excess stain going the! Door or in a few hours until you get the darkest color you want from your project 1 to. Of pigment to vehicle you very much for replying lightness or darkness brushing or wiping it the... The thinner to evaporate and that increases the ratio of pigment to.. Do n't have to `` keep wiping until the rag is clean '' just get all the having..., understand what type of finish or how long to let stain dry before wiping off you are staining a soft wood such as it... Several boards, your going to see exactly what i ’ ve been with... Say here do this paint a furniture piece with mineral paint by getting a nice, strokes. Because like foam brushes, they are also disposable do the same lightness or.... Ticket for uneven coloring of finish or stain you just throw at someone and say here do this a! The thinner to evaporate and that increases the ratio of pigment to vehicle but your stain refuses! Feels tacky a banister within an hour to penetrate more evenly off of the thinner to evaporate that! It helps to keep the brush strokes from being too noticeable and marring the stain dries.... To remove shine of a watermark on my bedroom end table working area with stain and help it see! Your how long to let stain dry before wiping off still refuses to dry just get all the excess pay attention how. Your cloth wet enough so the stain applied is Minwax oil based from home depot dry according the. Will come out a consistent color in lightne or darkness dry according to the surface must usually be completely of!