Again the officers appointed in this work were corrupt and lacked experience. The department’s main work was to find out uncultivated lands and make all sorts of arrangements for the cultivation of horse lands. Karajal expedition was another mis-judged step of Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq. He also did it in order to consolidate the newly conquered states of south. [56] [82] The Tughlaq's had attempted to manage their expanded empire by appointing family members and Muslim aristocracy as na'ib (نائب) of Iqta' … Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq's Reforms. After the demise of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, his eldest son Fakhruddin Muhammad Juana Khan alias Muhammad bin Tughlaq, mounted the throne at Tughlaqabad. He was a native of Barani in the Doab. He undertook many administrative reforms but most of them failed due to his lack of plan and judgement. Almost all the historians have agreed that Sultan Muhammad was one of the most learned and accomplished scholars of his time. The Tughlaqs provided three important rulers: Ghiyath-ud-din Tughlaq, Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq and Firuz Shah Tughlaq. He had profound knowledge in logic, philosophy, mathematics astronomy and physical sciences. Soon the Imperial Army seized the lands and treasures of the hostile chieftains and then climbed up the heights. Further, people made payments to the government with new bronze coins and hoarded gold and silver. Though the inhabitants of Delhi were unwilling to leave their dear land of birth, they had to obey the Sultan’s order. Issue of token currency. Online Test of Chapter – 3 The Delhi Sultans Test 2 | History Class 7th Social Science (S.St) Q. Domestic Policies of Muhammad-bin-Tughluq. Though the Hindu raja of Karajal accepted the Suzerinty of Delhi, but considering to the amount of loss, it can be described that the Karajal expedition was an unsuccessful adventure of Sultan. Nobody wanted to incur the Sultan’s wrath and be trampled under an elephant’s feet. He was one of the most remarkable rulers of his time. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! He received a good liberal education, and was highly gifted and accomplished. Why was Raziyya removed from the … Muhammad bin Tughlaq is known in history for his hare-brained schemes. Agha Mahdi Husain, Tughluq Dynasty (Calcutta, 1963), is largely devoted to a detailed discussion of the career of Muhammad bin Tughluq. It is said that it was a conspiracy on the part of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq who was impatient for power. The unstable political condition of Central Asia inspired the Sultan to undertake this project. Taxation in the Doab: The Sultan made a stupid budgetary examination in the Doab between the Ganges and Jamuna. Muhammad Kunhi by birth, he was also called ‘Muhammad the Bloody’. History. Muhammad bin tughlaq was a king who introduced Symbolic Currency in India and he also taken a step to shift capital from delhi to daulatbad. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, sought to send an equally grand mission with valuable gifts to China and appointed Battuta as the Ambassador to China. He could have shifted only the official seats and officers and courtiers but not the entire people of Delhi. Token currency was the system of currency introduced by Muhammad bin Tughlaq where brass and copper coins were to have the same value as silver and … The Tughlaqs provided three important rulers: Ghiyath-ud-din Tughlaq, Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq and Firuz Shah Tughlaq. 6. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq is known as a “Man of Ideas” and can be said one of the most striking sultan of medieval India. Ibn Battuta was sent to China as an ambassador. He was highly educated and was well versed in Arabic and Persian language. Coin of Muhammad bin Tughluq: Muhammad bin Tughluq was the son of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty. Transfer of the capital . At the same time, he was also brilliant, philanthropic and an endearing person. He was the eldest son of Ghiyas -ud -Din -Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughluq dynasty.He was born in New Delhi. TOS4. The Simply stating for a layman: Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was the Aurangzeb of Delhi Sultanate. The Quarajal expedition. But he failed to keep an effective control over its minting. But he was proved to be a big failure as a ruler particularly with regards to his different experiments. When they advanced towards Delhi, the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq not knowing what to do, bribed the invader with a huge quantity of gold and silver. During the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq, the Delhi Sultanate’s empire was the most elaborate. According to Standly Lane-poole, “Daulatabad was a monument of misdirected energy.”. (1) Zia-ud-Din Barani (born 1285) wrote his famous work Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi in the time of Firuz Shah Tughluq. They even did not hesitate to use force while collecting the tax. In the sultans of Delhi Sultanate, Muhammad bin Tughluq was the ruler with the most singular personality. He shifted his capital to a more centralized position-to Deogiri from Delhi. Since this event took place during the summer season and the journey was rigorous one, many people died on the way. Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. Hence, there was a good deal of discontent. He did it in-order-to introduce a uniform standard of land revenue as well as to assess every village of his kingdom. For, all his projects like the transfer of capital from Delhi to Daulatabad, introduction of token currency, experiment in Doab and expedition to Kangra were all unsuccessful. As a result of misguided … Neither his selection of the place Devagiri as a site of capital nor his act of shifting the entire population of Delhi was welcomed by any historian. The Muhammad bin Tughluq sent the imperial army against some independent Rajput states in the Kumaun-Garhwal region. Conquest of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was widespread. It seems that though his idea was good, but he lacked executional ability. These coins Barani says, were heaped up outside the fort and remained lying there for many years.- These above experiments not only brought wastage of money but also affected the prestige of the Sultan. Mohammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD) - The wisest fool king Mohammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD): He succeeded his father Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq and ascended the throne of Tughlaq Dynasty in 1325 AD. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was the Sultan of Delhi in the early 14th century, and had ruled over a large empire in India. It was a great loss to the Sultan both in men and money. This resulted in the weakening of the empire to a good extent. He introduced some remarkable administrative measures which although failed were very distinct and exemplary in nature. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was the most controversial of all the sultans ever to rule India. Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq realized the problem but it was too late. He was the most cruel, cold-blooded and crazy sultan yet. He tried to bring in many changes and introduced some measures to support effective administration but unfortunately most of them failed. As regards to his foreign expeditions, he was seen as a great failure. There was a Sultan in Delhi. The distance from Delhi to Daulatabad (Devagiri) was nearly 1500 km. This made the situation more deplorable. He was well read in the subjects of religion, philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, medicine and logic. Muhammad bin Tughlaq Shah, generally known as Muhammad Tughlaq, who ascended the throne on the death of his father has been a puzzle to the historians. by Zoya Ansari 18/10/2020. This was done in order to control the Deccan region more effectively. But while implementing it he did a mistake by not choosing a fertile land for this purpose. The Deccan Policy. Many of them went to jungles and joined the Gang of robbers. After his uncle Ghayasuddin Tughlaq died under mysterious circumstances, Muhammad bin Tughlaq ascended the throne and ruled the Delhi Sultanate. The target amount of production could not be achieved. After a couple of years, Muhammad Tughlaq decided to abandon Daulatabad because he realized the fact that just as he could not control the South from Delhi in the same way he could not control North from Daulatabad. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq (1325-51), the eldest son and successor of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq, was one of the most ambitious and powerful Sultans of Tughlaq dynasty. He was a very knowledgeable person with deep knowledge in philosophy, logic, mathematics and medicine. Whatever may be the fact Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq ordered for the transfer of capital in 1327 A.D. It was due to the failure in different matters he has been called a mad Sultan. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq (1325-1361A.D.) Mughals were at the peak of their power under the reign of Aurangzeb, similarly the sultanate was at the peak of its power under Muhammad Bin Tughlaq. Nevertheless, the absence of a central mint created a huge problem as the Government was not able to prevent forgery of coins. As a ruler he had the every right to increase tax in-order-to meet the day to day expenditures of the country. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Hij was de tweede sultan van de Tughluq-dynastie en zoon van de stichter van de dynastie, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq. Writing books around this period can be tricky, as opinions are very divided – either as a period where values plunged with mind-numbing cruel violence, or more favourably as being the general practices of the times. In-order-to fulfill his ambition of a great conqueror; he planned to conquer the kingdom of Khurasan which was then ruled by Iraq. After the death of Ghias-ud-Din Tughlaq (1320-25) who was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty, his eldest son Juna Khan ascended the throne of Delhi. Mughals were at the peak of their power under the reign of Aurangzeb, similarly the sultanate was at the peak of its power Deep Healing Energy | 528Hz Ancient Frequency | Sound Healing Session | Zen Meditation - Duration: 3:01:40. He remained at Tughluqabad for forty days and then entered Delhi where he was heartily welcomed. Muhammad bin Tughluq also known as Jauna Khan was a sultan of delhi. The Tughlaq dynasty was a Turko-Indian dynasty, which ruled Delhi during the Sultanate period. In 1325 A.D. Junakhan, the crown prince sworn the title Muhammad-bin-Tughluq. In 1327 A.D. he captured Warangal. He did a great mistake by dropping this project just after one failure. No doubt the Doab region between the Ganga and Yamuna was highly fertile and production was more than any other part of the country, but hike in the tax came at a wrong time and assessment of revenue was not based on the factual report. The government spent over it more than seventy lakhs. Secondly, the officers lacked experience which accounted for bad planning or faulty implementation. He was well versed in Arabic and Persian language and literature. He promised to exchange silver coins for bronze coins. Ibn Battutah, the North African Arab traveler, came India during Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s period and he had written the detailed description of the Muhammad’s kingdom. Muḥammad bin Tughluq (Arabisch: محمد بن تغلق; Multan, 1290 - Sindh, 20 maart 1351) was een Turkse sultan van Delhi, die regeerde van 1325 tot 1351. He had exhibited lack of wisdom and commonsense in these expeditions. Failure in both the military expeditions as well as his inability to defend the Mongols made him unpopular. So his transfer of capital with the entire population of Delhi was a blunder. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was well known for his wisdom and character. in Indian history. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was one of the most remarkable and interesting ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. This resulted in a new process of cultural interaction between north and South India. So in this context, it is very difficult to make an important and unprejudiced assessment of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. The new coins also began to be greatly devalued in the markets. Mohammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD): He succeeded his father Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq and ascended the throne of Tughlaq Dynasty in 1325 AD. Karajal was a Hindu kingdom located between India and China. The government treasury was filled with bronze or copper coins. Three days after the death of his father either in February or March 1325 A.D., prince Jauna Khan alias Ulugh Khan ascended the throne of Delhi and was called Muhammad Bin Tughluq. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, one of the most interesting personalities of medieval India, was the son of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq, who founded the Tughlug Dynasty in India. Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq’s predecessors depended on gold and silver coins as medium of exchange. He recruited one lakh soldiers for this purpose and paid them one year’s salary in advance. He was also encouraged by Qublai Khan, the ruler of China and Ghazan Khan, the ruler of Persia who had successfully experimented with a token currency. He was the eldest son of Ghiyas -ud -Din -Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughluq dynasty.He was born in New Delhi. On the other-hand, the officers engaged in the duty of tax collection could not try to understand the situation and went on collecting the taxes. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq had to face a number of revolts. Muhammad bin Tughlaq. But he was misunderstood by the people. The Estimate of Sultan Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq: While making an estimate of Sultan Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq’s character and achievements, historians have strongly differed and have expressed diametrically opposite views. He lost both men and money in both the expeditions of Khurassan and Karajal. The below mentioned article provides a biography of Muhammad Bin Tughluq. They were asked to grow different crops in rotation. But on the other hand historians like Gardiner Brown and Dr. Iswari Prasad have described Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq with high sounding words and do not believe that he was suffering from insanity. In this way a huge amount of new coins were exchanged for silver. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was one of the most interesting personalities of Medieval Indian history. At first Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq wanted to make an assessment of the total income and expenditure of the country. As there was shortage of gold and silver coins to serve as a medium of exchange due to the increase in the transactions, the sultan was very right to go for the introduction of a Copper Currency which had the same value as the Silver Coin. But Devagiri would be a safe place and almost free from Mongol raids. The expenditure in it outstripped the income from it. But it came at a time when the Doab region was at famine. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Biography of Muhammad Bin Tughluq | Tughluq Dynasty | Indian History, Muhammad Tughlaq’s Character was a Mixture of Opposite Traits, Domestic Policies of Muhammad Bin Tughluq | India | Tughluq Dynasty, Biography of Ala-Ud-Din Khilzi (1296—1316), Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. But professor Habibullah and others have given almost the different views. Important schemes were as under: 1. The governors of the provinces were directed to submit the documents showing their incomes and expenditures and other necessary materials for the compilation work. We are fortunate in having a lot of authentic and interesting material about his reign. Not only that, his experiments set those forces into play which eventually led to the disruption of the Delhi Sultanate. He remained at Tughluqabad for forty days and … He was a great scholar of Persian and Arabic. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s experiments were not confined to internal matters only; it was also down with external affairs. He ruled for twenty … He could have tried more to improve it. 4. He was very kind and generous to the poor and pandits and was very unkind and cruel. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was born in 1300 in Multan, Pakistan. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was the second ruler of Tughlaq dynasty who ruled from 1324–1351.He shifted the capital from Delhi to Devagiri, because it was difficult for him to control South India from there. Daulatabad was in the middle of the Sultanate and safe from Mongol raids,the wise Sultan reasoned. Within a very short time specimens of this coin were found in different parts of the country. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq (1325-1361A.D.) He was well-versed in the religious topics and fluent in both Arabic and Persian. This book talks about Muhammad bin Tughlaq. This time, by Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq, who too met with failure. Mohammad Bin Tughlaq. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Many people, including religious divines who had gone to Daulatabad, settled down there. Further his introduction of token currency was amazing one. Once upon a time. A severe plague broke out in the ranks of his army and half of the army succumbed to the epidemic. For the uninitiated, Delhi Sultanate preceded the Mughal Empire. And the very situation was not favourable to make-up their minds to pay more. During his reign, Tughluq imposed heavy tax in the land between the Ganga and the Yamuna rivers. He ruled for twenty-six years (1325-1351). He ordered his courtiers, officers, leading men including Sufi saints as well as all people of Delhi to shift to Devgiri. Of course this version of Iban Batuta has been debatable. Ziauddin Barani - He wrote a book Tarikh-e-Firoz Shahi. He was well versed with several languages like Persian, Arabic, Turkish and even Sanskrit. He was deeply read in religion and philosophy, and had a critical and open mind. Transfer of the capital from Delhi to Devagari (Daultabad) has the most controversial step of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was a bunch of paradoxes that proved hazardous for not only his own good as well as for the Delhi Sultanate. The increase of taxation in the Doab Region was an ill measured step on the part of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. However Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq has been criticized for this transfer of capital. … Firstly, the land chosen for cultivation was not fertile. Many people ran away to the forests to avoid … ADVERTISEMENTS: Sultan Muhammad-bin Tughluq has been described by some as a ‘mad king’. In 1337 Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq sent a huge army to invade Karajal. A large number of peasants were engaged in the work of cultivation. a. Tomara Rajputs b. Angpal c. Patwari d. None of these. During early years of his reign, Muhammad Tughlaq planned to conquer Khurasan and Iraq. Though the attempt to make Devagiri a capital failed, it had a number long-range benefit. Muhammad succeeded his father Ghiyat-al-Din Tughluq. He was very much faithful to his own religion and obeyed the religious rites and was regular at his daily prayers. The verses of this inscription speak of Muhammad bin Tughluq as “the mighty Saka Lord” and throw light on the favorable conditions in which the Hindu families of Delhi lived. Peasants unwilling and unable to pay tax, fled away from the villages and Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq took harsh measures to capture and punish them. The first rebellion took place in 1326 and by 1351when the Sultan died in pursuit of a rebel he had to deal with as many as 34 rebellions, 27 of them in the south alone. The Tughlaq dynasty experienced many revolts by Muslim nobility, particularly during Muhammad bin Tughlaq but also during other rulers such as Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Married to the daughter of the Raja of Dipalpur, Ruled Tughluq dynesty from 1325 AD to 1351 AD. Tughlaq tried to enter Tibet through the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand but his army faced a similar defeat due to the unfamiliar, rugged terrain. In spite of this, the scheme failed miserably. Secondly as Devagiri was situated at a central place so the administration of the north and the south could be possible. He was a trained intellectual, a keen student of Persian poetry and a philosopher, lover of science and mathematics. These hilly tracts usually served as a place of refuge for the rebels against the government of Delhi. He wrote a book Kitab-ul-Rehla in Arabic language. He therefore issued an ordinance for the compilation of a register showing the incomes and expenditures of the provinces. Bribing to Mongols. Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq was succeeded by his son Prince Juna Khan who took up the title of Muhammad-bin-Tughluq. Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351) He was a very attractive character in the history of medieval India owing to his ambitious schemes and novel experiments. Three days after the death of his father either in February or March 1325 A.D., prince Jauna Khan alias Ulugh Khan ascended the throne of Delhi and was called Muhammad Bin Tughluq. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq ascended the throne just three days after the sudden death of his father, Giyasuddin Tughlaq. Muhammad also increased the land tax to increase the revenue in Doab but it led to major discontent among the subjects. People had a lot of expectations from him and he on the other hand, had the desire for more valuable contribution for his countrymen than his predecessors. 1. He was also mild before the Mongols. Related posts: Brief notes on some of … Muhammad- bin-Tughlaq introduced bronze coins in place of silver and gold but there remained certain defects which made him a big failure in this experiment. In the sultans of Delhi Sultanate, Muhammad bin Tughluq was the ruler with the most singular personality. Smith have agreed that the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was affected by some degree of insanity. Further the people of the south were under the feeling of an alien rule. See Article History. Historians like Elphinstone, Edward Thomass, Havell and V.A. This was not achieved rather he was mistaken by the people as a lunatic person. Soon ice-cold winds and rains devastated the whole army in Tibet, followed by the … Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq appointed Ibn Battuta as Qazi (judge of Delhi) and he worked for 8 years. Nobody was allowed to stay at Delhi. Though the scheme failed disastrously during his reign, yet it had a long term impact. And again he had the ambition to conquer distant countries which would require a good deal of money. But lb Batuta gives a complete different reason for this transfer of capital. Yahiya-bin-Ahmad and 3adauni tell us that Muhammad Tughluq defeated the Mongols and drove them out of the country. After some initial success, the Delhi army perished in the mountainous region of Himalayas due to severe rain fall. They became the means of spreading in the Deccan the cultural, religious and social ideas which the turks had brought with them to north India. However, on the way, the mission was intercepted and looted by dacoits and Ibn Battuta just about managed to escape and save his life. He was popular for his numerous policies and reforms that earned him the tag of ‘wise fool’ among all the other Indian rulers. It was found a huge amount of foreged copper coins in the market as a result of private minting. The cripple man has put to death while the blind man was tied with the tail of horse and was dragged to Daulatabad where only his one leg reached.”. Muhammad bin Tughlaq is known by the names of crazy, eccentric, blood-pimping etc. That is why right from the beginning of his rule; he decided to take some bold reformative measures for the improvement as well as safeguard of the country. He expanded the rate of duty as well as restored and made some … Muhammad bin Tughlaq is known by the names of crazy, eccentric, blood-pimping etc. Therefore, the Sultan decided to lay Delhi waste in order to punish them. Firstly Devagiri had been a base for the expansion of Turkish rule in India. The Sultan had set up rest houses on the way to help the travellers. Mohammad Bin Tughlaq Jauna Khan ascended the throne in 1325 AD with the title of Mohammad Bin Tughlaq. He became the sultan after the death of his father in 1325. Further from military point of view, he was an excellent commander and during the time of Sultan Mubarak Shaha Khiliji he was promoted to the rank of the master of the horse from an ordinary soldier. He was a Sunni Muslim but did not allow the ulemas to interfere in state affairs. Muhammed Bin Tughluq is one of the most interesting rulers in the history of India. Image Source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/23/Muhammad_Tughlak_orders_his_brass_coins_to_pass_for_silver,_A.D._1330.jpg. Barani says, the sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was a veritable wonder of creation whose abilities would have taken by surprise even Aristotle and Asaf. Neither the Sultan nor his officers did realize the matter. Also known by other names like Prince Fakhr Malik, Jauna Khan and Ulugh Khan, Muhammad bin Tughlaq was a prominent figure during the medieval Indian history. He opened a separate office where a large number of clerks and officers were appointed to do the compilation work. in Indian history. He was a very talented person but due to impatience and lack of judgement he did not turned into a good emperor. 1. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was well known for his wisdom and character. He abstained himself from drinking in public. It helped in bringing north and south closer together by improving communications. He is famous for many reasons in Indian history. In Indian history, he is referred … Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (1324-1351) Muhammad Tughlaq was a learned, cultured and talented prince but gained a reputation of being merciless, cruel and unjust. Mohammed Bin Tughlaq is an artist, multilingual person, philosopher, philanthropist, and a person of wisdom. Privacy Policy3. The second inscription found at the village of Sarbar, five miles from Delhi, also refers to the prosperity of a Hindu family. He was highly ambitious and was a man of high moral character. People who were already paying almost fifty percent of the land revenue since the time of Ala-ud-din suddenly became unwilling to pay more than that. He was arrested and put into the prison. However this loosened the control over North India. The escapade went down in history as yet another of Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s foolhardy decisions. After the death of his father, Muhammad Bin Tughlaq took the throne and ruled over a vast portion of the northern India along with the Deccan from 1324 to 1351 AD. In spite of high qualification and knowledge, Sultan Muhamad-bin- Tughlaq suffered from certain qualities of hastiness and impatience that is why many of his experiments failed and he has been called an ill starred idealist. And again during the time of his father Sultan Giyasuddin Tughlaq he led the imperial forces to Telengana and Warrangal. Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq could not stop the forging of new coins. Secondly his creation of Department of Agriculture for the purpose of Large Scale cultivation of lands for surplus production was a welcomed step. Further Reading on Muhammad bin Tughluq. He spent nearly three lakhs of rupees for this mission. The study of Islamic Law was encouraged during his rule and many books on the subject were compiled. His increase of tax in the fertile Doab region was not at all in-correct. Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi? That is why right from the beginning of his rule; he decided to take some bold reformative measures for the improvement as well as safeguard of the country. Several factors prompted him to take this decision. He was a profound scholar of Persian, a penetrating critic, a litterateur of repute. A huge amount of forged coins entered into market and government treasury as those were minted secretly by private parties. Many hospitals in Delhi were formed during his reign. Dr. V.A. His biography states that he had a penchant Batuta says, the citizens of Delhi used to write letters containing abuses and scandals to the Sultan. It was not always possible to operate army from Delhi for the occupation of Southern states. Even if he had the intention to punish the people of Delhi for their abusing and scandlous letters, he could do so by some other method, but not by physically shifting them to Devagiri, the new capital. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was born in 1300 in Multan, Pakistan. He was the son of Turk Ghiyas-ud-din, the founder of the Tughluq dynasty that replaced Khilji rule in Delhi, and succeeded his father upon his death. He extended his territories to the extent which no other Sultan of Delhi had even attempted. He changed his mind and again in 1335 A.D. he ordered the retransfer of the Capital to Delhi and asked everybody to go back to Delhi. Most of the plans of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq failed because these were ill-timed, ill-planned and badly executed. When he was inspecting an elephant parade standing on a pavilion at Tughluqabad, the Pavilion collapsed and the Sultan along with his second son Muhammad Khan crushed under it and died. He was the most cruel, cold-blooded and crazy sultan yet. It is sure that he had many good ideas, but he had not the capacity to execute them. According to Ibn Batuta “A search was made and a blind man and a cripple man were found. When he was inspecting an elephant parade standing on a pavilion at Tughluqabad, the Pavilion collapsed and the Sultan along with his second son Muhammad Khan crushed under it and died. At first a large area of land say sixty square miles in area was taken up in the project. 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